1. (Unesp 2013)  Examine os anúncios para responder à questão. 

 Nos anúncios, as palavras use, you, need, electricity e wisely são exemplos, respectivamente, de
a) substantivo, pronome, verbo, substantivo e advérbio.
b) verbo, pronome, verbo, substantivo e advérbio.
c) substantivo, adjetivo, verbo, substantivo e adjetivo. 
d) verbo, pronome, verbo, adjetivo e adjetivo. 
e) substantivo, pronome, substantivo, adjetivo e advérbio.

 2. (Unesp 2013)  

Brazil wants to count trees in the Amazon rainforest By Channtal Fleischfresser February 11, 2013 
Brazil is home to roughly 60 percent of the Amazon, about half of what remains of the world’s tropical rainforests. And now, the country has plans to count its trees. A vast undertaking, the new National Forest Inventory hopes to gain “a broad panorama of the quality and the conditions in the forest cover”, according to Brazil’s Forestry Minister Antonio Carlos Hummel.

The census, set to take place over the next four years, will scour 3,288,000 square miles, sampling 20,000 points at 20 kilometer intervals and registering the number, height, diameter, and species of the trees, among other data.

The initiative, aimed to better allocate resources to the country’s forests, is part of a large-scale turnaround in Brazil’s relationship to its forests. While it once had one of the worst rates of deforestation in the world, last year only 1,797 square miles of the Amazon were destroyed – a reduction of nearly 80% compared to 2004.
(www.smartplanet.com. Adaptado.)

No trecho do primeiro parágrafo – Brazil is home to roughly 60 percent of the Amazon –, a palavra roughly equivale, emportuguês, a

a) evidentemente.
b) exatamente. 
c) aquém.
d) além de. 
e) cerca de.

3. (Mackenzie 2013)  The following text refers to question(s).

 DO YOU WANT TO KNOW A SECRET? John Lennon & Paul McCartney Recorded 11 February 1963

Given away simultaneously to fellow Brian Epstein protégé Billy J.Kramer (for a hit single), and to George Harrinson (for this LP), “Do You Want To Know A Secret?” was a Lennon composition – inspired by a line he remembered from a Disney song that his mother used to sing. “I thought it would be a good vehicle for George because it only had three notes and he wasn’t the best singer in the world,” Lennon explained ___(I)___ in later years.

The word that properly fills in blank (I) in the text is

a) charitable. 
b) chariting. 
c) charitingly. 
d) charitably. 
e) charitily.

 4. (Unifesp 2012) 

Longevity: Habits May Extend Life Only So Much

By Nicholas Bakalar August 8, 2011

The eating, drinking and exercise habits of extremely old but healthy people differ little from those of the rest of us, a new study has found. Gerontologists at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine recruited 477 Ashkenazi Jews ages 95 to 112 who were living independently. The researchers took blood samples, did physical examinations and obtained detailed personal and medical histories from each participant. Then they compared them with 1,374 non-Hispanic white adults, ages 65 to 74, from the general population. For both men and women, consumption of alcohol, amount of physical activity and the percentage of people on low-calorie or low-salt diets were almost identical in the two groups.

Long-lived men were less likely to be obese than their younger counterparts, although no less likely to be overweight. The oldest women were more likely to be overweight and less likely to be obese. More men among the oldest were nonsmokers, but smoking habits were not significantly different among the women.

____1_____ that it all depends on genes, and we might as well eat, drink and be merry? No, according to the senior author, Dr. Nir Barzilai, director of the Institute for Aging Research at Albert Einstein College of Medicine. “For most of us who ___2____ genes for longevity,” he said, “if you follow the healthy lifestyle the medical community has put forth, you are ____3_____ to live past 80.”

The study was published online last week in The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
(www.nytimes.com. Adaptado.)

Assinale a alternativa que completa corretamente a lacuna 3 do texto.
a) less likely
b) can’t like 
c) much more likely 
d) even more like 
e) least probable

5. (Ita 2012)
2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal

By Lev Grossman

(…), Kurzweil believes that we’re approaching a moment when computers will become intelligent, and not just intelligent but more intelligent than humans. When that happens, humanity – our bodies, our minds, our civilization – will be completely and irreversibly transformed. He believes that this moment is not only inevitable but imminent. According to his calculations, the end of human civilization as we know it is about 35 years away.

Computers are getting faster. Everybody knows that. Also, computers are getting faster faster – that is, the rate at which they’re getting faster is increasing.

True? True.

So if computers are getting so much faster, so incredibly fast, there might conceivably come a moment when they are capable of something comparable to human intelligence. Artificial intelligence. All that horsepower could be put in the service of emulating whatever it is our brains are doing when they create consciousness – not just doing arithmetic very quickly or composing piano music but also driving cars, writing books, making ethical decisions, appreciating fancy paintings, making witty observations at cocktail parties.

If you can swallow that idea, and Kurzweil and a lot of other very smart people can, then all bets are off. 1From that point on, there’s no reason to think computers would stop getting more powerful. 2They would keep on developing until they were far more intelligent than we are. Their rate of development would also continue to increase, because they would take over their own development from their slower-thinking human creators. Imagine a computer scientist that was itself a super-intelligent computer. It would work incredibility quickly. It could draw on huge amounts of data effortlessly. It wouldn’t even take breaks to play Farmville.(…)
http://www.time.com/printout/0,8816,2048138,00.html. Acesso em 07/04/2011. Adaptado.

Na sentença They would keep on developing until they were far more intelligent than we are (ref. 2),o vocábulo grifado poderia ser substituído por

a) far away.
b) incredible. 
c) much. 
d) distant. 
e) many.



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