Adjetivo - Inglês - Questões de Vestibulares

1. (Ita 2014) 

2Harvard conducted one of the longest and most comprehensive studies of human development — the 75 year old Grant Study — that’s reached some fascinating conclusions regarding the recipe for leading a happy life. The sample group was comprised of healthy male Harvard college students who, over the course of their lifetime, agreed to meet with an array of scientists and researchers who measured their psychological, physical and anthropological traits. 1Though all identities are confidential, it was recently discovered that John F. Kennedy was a sample participant. Following these men through times of war, their careers, parenthood and old age, the Grant Study has amassed an exorbitant amount of data that deeply reflects the human condition. What can be concluded from seven decades of data? It is quite simple actually; warm relationships between parents, spouses, children and friends have the greatest impact on your health and happiness in old age. The study found that 93 percent of the sample group who were thriving at age 65, had a close relationship with a sibling when they were younger. As George Vaillant, the lead director of the study states, it can all be boiled down into five simple words: “Happiness is love. Full stop.” (Business Insider.) (acesso em 10/06/2013).

Substituindo os adjetivos long e comprehensive, respectivamente, por easy e rich na oração “Harvard conducted one of the longest and most comprehensive studies of human development” (ref. 2), teremos:

a) the most easy - the richest    
b) the easiest - the most rich  
c) the more easy - the richer    
d) the easiest - the richest  
e) the most easy - the most rich   

2. (Ita 2014)  Is this what really goes on in the staff room?
 Em “the more I learn, the less clear anything gets”, mantém-se o mesmo sentido em:

a) more learning, less obscurity.  
b) more learning, more obscurity.  
c) less learning, more obscurity.    
d) less learning, less doubts.  
e) more doubts, more obscurity.  

3. (Uneb 2014) 
Brazil Science Without Borders 

The Brazilian 1government’s new Science Without Borders Program will provide scholarships to undergraduate students from Brazil 2for one year of study at colleges and universities in the United States. Scholarships will be 3given primarily to students in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Students in the program will return to Brazil to complete their degrees.

Undergraduate students from Brazil may apply for the Science Without Borders Program scholarship beginning August 31, 2011.

This program, administered by IIE, is part of the Brazilian government’s larger initiative to 4grant 100,000 scholarships for the 5best students from Brazil to study abroad at the world’s best universities. 

“BRAZIL Science Without Borders”.Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 12 out. 2013. 

Considering language use in the text, it’s correct to say:

a) The ’s in “government’s” (ref. 1) is the contraction of is.  
b) The preposition “for” (ref. 2) introduces the start of a period of time.  
c) The verb form “given’ (ref. 3) is in the Simple Past tense.  
d) The verb “grant” (ref. 4) is the same as prohibit.  
e) The adjective “best” (ref. 5) is the superlative of good.    

4. (Uemg 2014)  

The Man Who Sold the Eiffel Tower 

Paris, 1925. World War I had finished and the city was full of people with cash looking for business opportunities. Victor Lustig was reading the newspaper one day and found an article about the Eiffel Tower. It said the tower was being neglected because it was too expensive to maintain. Lustig a great ‘business opportunity’ – he would sell the Eiffel Tower!

Lustig wrote to six important businessmen in the city and invited them to a secret meeting in a well-known Paris hotel. He said he was a government official and he told them that he wanted to talk about a business deal. All six of the businessmen came to the meeting.

At the meeting, Lustig told them that the city wanted to sell the Eiffel Tower for scrap metal and that he had been asked to find a buyer. He said that the deal was secret because it would not be popular with the public. The businessmen believed him, perhaps the Eiffel Tower was never planned to be permanent. It had been built as part of the 1889 Paris Expo, and the original plan had been to remove it in 1909.

Lustig rented a limousine and took the men to visit the tower. After the tour, he said that if they were interested, they should contact him the next day. Lustig told them he would give the tower contract to the person with the highest offer. One of the dealers, Andre Poisson, was very interested, but he was also worried. Why was Lustig in such a hurry?

The two men had a meeting, and Lustig confessed that he wasn’t looking for the highest offer. He said he would give the contract to anybody – for a price. Poisson understood: Lustig wanted a little extra money “under the table” for himself. This was Lustig’s cleverest lie, because now Poisson believed him completely.

Lustig sold Poisson a false contract for the Eiffel Tower – and on top of that, Poisson paid him a little extra money “under the table”. Lustig put all the money in a suitcase and took the first train to Vienna. Poisson never told the police what had happened – he was too embarrassed. After a month, Lustig returned to Paris and tried to sell the Eiffel Tower again, but this time somebody told the police and he had to escape to America. There, he continued his criminal career and finished his days in the famous Alcatraz prison.
(Oxford UP 2009 - English Result, p.62. Adapted.) 

In the sentence “The two men had a meeting, and Lustig confessed that he wasn’t looking for the highest offer”, the expression the highestis a superlative. 

Read the following adjectives:
cheap – tall – good – smart 

Which of the sequences below has the correct superlative form of the adjectives above?  

a) the cheapest - the tallest - the goodest - the smartiest    
b) the cheapiest - the tallest - the best - the smartest    
c) the cheapest - the talliest - the goodest - the smartiest    
d) the cheapest - the tallest - the best - the smartest    

5. (Upe 2013)  

[…] Oh the cell phone! Everyone knows how important personal cell phones have become to teens. 3In fact, reports that 25% of cell phone 4revenues come from teens. 2As important as your cell phone is, summer job etiquette demands that teenagers take steps to curb the use of personal cell phones in the workspace. To be considered a professional working teen at a summer job, 1keep cell phones off, avoid texting and keep earpieces out of sight while working. […]
DIAS, Reinildes; JUCÁ, Leina; FARIA, Raquel. Prime: inglês para o ensino médio. São Paulo: Macmillan, 2010. (Adaptado.) 

Em relação aos recursos linguísticos utilizados no texto, pode-se afirmar que 

I. Keep... off (ref. 1) é um phrasal verb e significa ‘manter distância’.
II. Em “As important as your cell fone is...” (ref. 2), há uma comparação de superioridade implícita.
III. In fact (ref. 3) é um marcador do discurso e indica uma reformulação.
IV. O vocábulo revenues (ref. 4) é um termo cognato.
V. O trecho “keep cell phones off, avoid texting and keep earpieces out of sight while working.” (ref. 1) expressa um conselho.


a) I, III e V.  
b) I e III.  
c) I, II e V.  
d) III e IV.  
e) I e V.   

6. (Upe 2012) 

Trying to predict what will happen as our planet warms up is not easy. We know that ice at the poles is melting and this is making sea levels rise. Warmer temperatures are likely to change other aspects of the weather. Some countries, such as those in North Africa, may become ____I___ , while other areas, such as Northern Europe, may become ________II__________. There will probably be more storms, droughts, and flooding.
(Adaptado de Impact of climate change. In: The New Children’s Encyclopedia. London: 2009. p. 78)

 As lacunas I e II no texto acima podem ser completadas, de forma correta e na mesma sequência, pela opção

a) more hotter and drier — more colder and wetter  
b) as hotter and drier — as colder and wetter  
c) hotter and drier — colder and wetter  
d) most hotter and dry — most colder and wet  
e) the hotter and drier — the colder and wetter   
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